Bariatric Surgery – The Weight Loss Surgery

Looking slim and attractive is in fashion. People control their diet and follow a proper exercise regime to loose weight. However, for some people following a strict diet and exercise routine does not work and they are unable to loose weight. In such cases people have to resort to various surgical methods of weight loss.

Bariatric surgery is one of the surgical methods available that helps people in loosing weight. This surgery helps one to loose weight by making modifications in the gastrointestinal tract that reduces nutrient intake and absorption. This surgery best suits the people who have weight related health problems and obesity. The surgery basically works by changing the way the digestive system functions. When food is chewed and passes to the stomach, the stomach acids convert the food to small particles. These particles are then passed into the small intestine where the action of enzymes and bile help in the digestion of food. The calcium, iron and vitamins from the food are absorbed in the duodenum. The Ileum and jejunum absorb the maximum nutrients and calories. Once the Bariatric surgery takes place, the size of the stomach is reduced by almost 90 percent. This causes a reduction in the quantity of food that can be taken in at any given time. During the surgery, the digestive tract is also altered and the food bypasses duodenum and goes directly to jejunum. This results in the food getting in contact with fewer enzymes and thus the body absorbs less nutrients and calories.

The Bariatric surgery procedures can be classified into malabsorptive procedures, restrictive procedures and mixed procedures. The malabsorptive procedures are the ones that work to reduce the stomach size and to reduce the amount of nutrients and calories absorbed by the digestive system. The restrictive procedures are also applied to reduce the stomach size and create a small stomach pouch that can be used as a new stomach. The mixed surgical procedures are the ones that can use both techniques i.e. reducing the stomach size and also creating a new additional stomach.

Once the surgery is done, the patient needs to ensure that he takes in a proper diet. Usually after the surgery, the patient is asked to stay on a liquid diet. Once the digestive tract gets back to its normal functioning, a few changes are made in the diet. Many times patients are also recommended to have multivitamin pills that compensate for the less nutrients absorbed by the body.

The Bariatric surgery has with it associated all the risks of a normal medical operation. The level of risks involved depends upon the type of surgery done and the experience of the surgeon. It has been observed that the chances of failure of the surgery are more if the surgeon is inexperienced. Many patients face health problems even after the surgery. These problems generally relate to a change in eating habits and loose skin.

Gastric Sleeve surgery in Mexico is very effective surgery for weight loss which is performed under general anesthesia and by making a small incision in the abdominal area

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